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1. A person has suffered a laceration of the arm. Severe bleeding has been controlled by using a sterile dressing and direct pressure. What should you do next?


2. How does bleeding from a vein appear?


3. How does blood flowing from a cut artery appear?


4. Ordinarily, bleeding from a vein may be controlled by what method?


5. What is the preferred method of controlling external bleeding?


6. A person with diabetes has received a minor leg injury. What symptoms would indicate the onset of a diabetic coma?


7. What are symptom(s) of a ruptured appendix?


8. What is the primary action when a patient is suspected of having appendicitis?


9. What are the symptoms of sugar diabetes?


10. What should be given to a diabetic who suffers an insulin reaction and is conscious?


11. How is epilepsy is a chronic nervous disorder characterized?


12. What should you do if a crew member is having an epileptic convulsion?


13. WHat is the most important consideration while providing assistance to a victim of an epileptic seizure?


14. How should the pain be relieved when a patient is suspected of having appendicitis?


15. Why are persons who have swallowed a non-petroleum based poison given large quantities of warm soapy water or warm salt water?


16. When providing first aid to a victim of gas poisoning, the MOST important symptom to check for is __________.


17. What is the major cause of shock in burn victims?


18. Why should a person being treated for shock should be wrapped in warm coverings?


19. What is the best treatment for preventing traumatic shock after an accident?


20. When a person is in shock, how will their skin appear?


21. After an accident the victim may go into shock and die. What should be done to help prevent shock?


22. EXCEPT when suffering from a head or chest injury a patient in shock should be placed in which position?


23. In any major injury, first aid includes the treatment for the injury and what secondary condition?


24. What is a treatment for traumatic shock?


25. Which is a symptom of traumatic shock?


26. What are the symptoms of a fractured back?


27. What is an effective method for moving patients with spinal injuries onto a spine board?


28. What is the primary concern in aiding a back injury patient?


29. What is the procedure for checking for spinal cord damage in an unconscious patient?


30. What What can be caused by severe airway burns?


31. What is the immediate and most effective first aid treatment for chemical burns?


32. What is of importance when a patient has an electrical burn?


33. What precaution should be taken when treating burns caused by contact with dry lime?


34. A man has suffered a burn on the arm. There is extensive damage to the skin with charring present. How is this injury classified using standard medical terminology?


35. What is the most important concern in treating a person with extensive burns?


36. What is the basic emergency care for third degree electrical burns?


37. If a person is unconscious from electric shock, the first action is to remove him from the electrical source. What is the secondary action?


38. What should you do when treating a person for third-degree burns?


39. If a rescuer finds an electrical burn victim in the vicinity of live electrical equipment or wiring, what would be the first action to take?


40. How should a minor heat burn of the eye be treated?


41. What should be the FIRST treatment of a person suspected of having airway burns?


42. For small, first-degree burns, what is the quickest method to relieve pain?


43. Since electrical burn victims may be in shock, what is the FIRST medical indicator to check for?


44. A man has a burn on his arm. There is reddening of the skin, blistering, and swelling. Using standard medical terminology what type of burn is this?


45. When treating a chemical burn, what is the minimum amount of time you should flood the burned area?


46. A victim has suffered a second-degree burn to a small area of the lower arm. What is the proper treatment for this injury?


47. A man has suffered a burn on the arm. There is a reddening of the skin but no other apparent damage. Using standard MEDICAL terminology, what type of burn is this?


48. Chemical burns are caused by the skin coming in contact with what substance(s)?


49. How are First-, second-, and third-degree burns classified?


50. What is the FIRST treatment for a surface burn?


51. What should you do if a crewman suffers a second-degree burn on the arm?


52. Which of the following medical conditions has symptoms of: burning pain with redness of the skin, an irritating rash, blistering or loss of skin and or toxic poisoning?


53. What action should you take if a shipmate chokes suddenly, cannot speak, and starts to turn blue?


54. What would be the result of physical exertion on the part of a person who has fallen into cold water?


55. What should you do for a crew member who has suffered frostbite to the toes of both feet?


56. What is the most effective treatment for warming a crew member suffering from hypothermia?


57. Which of the following is a treatment of frostbite?


58. Which of the following describes the condition of Hypothermia?


59. Which of the following is a symptom of mild hypothermia?


60. You are attending to survivors after abandoning ship. Several of the personnel have a slow pulse and slow breathing rates. Which of the following is the most probable cause of these conditions?


61. A survivor has been pulled from the water off the coast of Greenland. The patient is in a state of confusion and has ceased shivering. Which of the following best describes the patient's condition?


62. Your vessel is in distress and the order has been given to abandon ship. If you must enter the water which of the following would aid in preventing hypothermia?


63. A person is exhibiting signs of hypothermia and starts to shiver, what does this indicate?


64. You have abandoned ship are in a liferaft with several other members of the crew. One person in the life raft is exhibiting symptoms of hypothermia. Which of the following could you do to aid the victim?


65. Your vessel is taking on water and the order has been given to abandon ship. Which of the following is an effective method of combating hypothermia if you must enter the water?


66. The required amount of water for each person in a lifeboat on an oceangoing vessel, on an international voyage, is _________


67. On an oceangoing vessel, for each person a lifeboat (without desalting kits) is certified to carry, the boat must be supplied with __________.


68. How many liters of water per person must be carried in lifeboats on a tankship sailing a coastwise route?


69. The searchlight on a survival craft must be capable of operating 3 hours continuously or 6 hours intermittently if operated in cycles of __________.


70. A drill must be conducted in the use of the line throwing appliance at least once in every __________.


71. Which vessel is NOT required to carry a rocket-type line throwing appliance?


72. Which statement is TRUE concerning the testing of the line-throwing appliance?


73. Your vessel is required to have an impulse-projected line throwing appliance. The auxiliary line must __________.


74. What is NOT a requirement for testing the line throwing appliance on a vessel?


75. What is a FALSE statement concerning the line throwing appliance on a vessel?


76. Coast Guard Regulations (46 CFR) require that life jackets shall be __________.


77. Lifejackets should be stowed in __________.


78. Life preservers must be marked with the __________.


79. Immersion suits must be stowed __________.


80. What is the minimum number of ring life buoys required on board a 275-foot cargo vessel engaged in coastwise trade, under the alternatives for cargo vessels in a specified service?


81. How many ring life buoys should a 700 foot cargo vessel, not subject to SOLAS, navigating the Great Lakes carry?


82. Your passenger vessel is 130 feet (40 m) long and is alternatively equipped for operating in river service. The number of ring life buoys required for the vessel is


83. On a passenger vessel, the vessel's name must appear on __________.


84. Your 600 GT vessel must carry a line-throwing appliance if it is certificated for what type of service?


85. Where should muster lists be posted?


86. If a passenger vessel navigating the Great Lakes is required to carry 8 life buoys, what is the allowable minimum number of these buoys that must have self-igniting lights attached?


87. Great Lakes vessels, using liferafts, must have sufficient liferaft capacity on each side of the vessel to accommodate at least __________.


88. Great Lakes cargo vessels, having a liferaft stowed more than 100 meters from the bow or stern, must have at least how many liferafts?


89. Where, due to the arrangement of the vessel, lifejackets may become inaccessible, additional lifejackets shall be carried __________.


90. A 750 foot passenger vessel operating on the Great Lakes, not subject to SOLAS regulations, is required to carry how many ring life buoys?


91. Which statement is TRUE concerning lifeboat installations on Great Lakes vessels?


92. Enclosed lifeboats which have been afloat over a long period of time require __________.


93. If you reach shore in a liferaft, the first thing to do is __________.


94. While adrift in an inflatable liferaft in hot, tropical weather __________.


95. When should a tourniquet be used to control bleeding?


96. As a last resort, what can a tourniquet can be used for?


97. A seaman has a small, gaping laceration of the arm that is not bleeding excessively. What can be done as an alternative to suturing to close the wound?


98. What is the appropriate first aid treatment for small cuts and open wounds?


99. A person reports to you with a fishhook in his thumb, what procedure should you use to remove it?


100. In all but the most severe cases, how should bleeding from a wound be controlled?


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