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1. Water with its suspended matter taken on board a ship to control trim, list, draught, stability or stresses of the ship is known as __________.


2. Matter settled out of ballast water within a ship is known as __________.


3. A mechanical, physical, chemical and biological processes, either singularly or in combination to remove, render harmless, or avoid the uptake or discharge of harmful aquatic organism and pathogens within ballast water and sediments is known as __________.


4. Aquatic organisms or pathogens which, if introduced into the sea, including estuaries, or into fresh water courses, may create hazards to the environment, human health, property or resources, impair biological diversity or interfere with other legitimate uses of such areas is known as __________.


5. International Convention for the Control and Management of Ship’s Ballast water and Sediment, 2004 exclude __________.


6. International Convention for the Control and Management of Ship’s Ballast water and Sediment, 2004 apply to __________.


7. The total volumetric capacity of any tanks, spaces or compartments on a ship used for carrying, loading or discharging ballast water, including any multi-use tank, space or compartment designed to allow carriage of ballast water is known as __________.


8. The details and procedures for the disposal of sediment or ballast water either at sea or to shore shall be written in __________.


9. Ballast water record book entries shall be maintained on board the ship for a minimum period of __________.


10. Each operation concerning ballast water shall be fully recorded without delay in __________.


11. A ship conducting ballast water exchange standard shall, whenever possible, at least __________.


12. A ship wanted to conduct ballast water exchange standard but her en route voyage is only 50 to 150 nautical miles from the nearest land at all times, such ballast water exchange shall be conducted at least __________.


13. All ships shall remove and dispose of sediments from spaces designated to carry ballast water in accordance with the __________.


14. Engineers, officers and crew shall be familiar with their duties in the implementation of ballast water management particular to the ship on which they serve and shall, appropriate to their duties, be familiar with the __________.


15. Ships performing ballast water exchange standard shall do so with an efficiency of at least __________.


16. Discharging ballast water in accordance with ballast water performance standard, its indicator microbes, as human health standard, shall include __________.


17. Ships exchanging ballast water by pumping-through methods, the volume of each ballast water tank shall be considered to meet the standard after __________.


18. In order to undertake an accurate measurement on the organism concentration in the ballast water, it is recommended to install __________.


19. Intended for the sampling of water mixture with secondary immiscible phases (i.e. sand or oil) in which there are substantial density is called __________.


20. In order to minimize the uptake of harmful aquatic organisms, pathogens and sediments in ballast water, avoid in areas and situations such as __________.


21. Each ship shall have on board and implement a ballast water management plan, and one of the seven mandatory provisions is __________.


22. Ballast management plan provides information to assist ship’s personnel in managing ballast water and sediments and is provided with __________.


23. Ballast water management plan should give guidelines on the ballast handling procedures to be followed, excluding __________.


24. Each ship shall have on board and implement a ballast water management plan and such a plan, taking into account guidelines developed by the organization, shall be approved by the __________.


25. Ballast water exchange which have been evaluated and accepted by the organization were divided into __________.


26. A process by which a ballast tank intended for the carriage of ballast water is first emptied and then refilled with replacement ballast water to achieve at least 95 per cent volumetric exchange is called __________.


27. A process by which replacement ballast water is pumped into a ballast tank intended for the carriage of ballast water, allowing water to flow through overflow or other arrangement is called __________.


28. A process by which replacement ballast water is filled through the top of the ballast tank intended for the carriage of ballast water with simultaneous discharge from the bottom at the same flow rate and maintaining a constant level in the tank through out the ballast exchange operation is called __________.


29. There are three methods of ballast water exchange which have been evaluated and accepted by the organization, excluding __________.


30. The flow-through method and dilution method for ballast water exchange are considered as __________.


31. Water with salinity lower than 0.5 psu (practical salinity unit) is known as __________.


32. Port or location where the ballast water is discharged is known as __________.


33. A large natural region defined by physio-graphic and biologic characteristics within which the animal and plant species show a high degree of similarity and there are no sharp and absolute boundaries but rather more or less clearly expressed transition zones is known as __________.


34. Port or location where the ballast water is taken onboard is known as __________.


35. Species identified by a party that meet specific criteria indicating that they may impair or damage the environment, human health, property or resources and are defined for a specific port, State or bio-geographic region is known as __________.


36. Water with salinity higher than 30 psu (practical salinity unit) is known as __________.


37. Any species outside its native range, whether transported intentionally or accidentally by human or transported through natural processes and sometimes found in ballast water is known as __________.


38. A logical process for assigning the likelihood and consequences of specific events, such as the entry, establishment, or spread of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens in ballast water is known as __________.


39. In ballast water management, a risk assessment principles that accurately measures the risks to the extent necessary to achieve an appropriate level of protection is known as __________.


40. In ballast water management, the reasoning and evidence supporting the action recommended by risk assessments, and areas of uncertainty are clearly documented and made available to decision-makers is known as __________.


41. In ballast water management, a risk assessment that achieve a uniform high level of performance, using a common process and methodology is known as __________.


42. Risk assessment for ballast water management is a valuable decision aid if completed in a systematic and rigorous manner and it can be __________.


43. In water ballast management where low risk scenarios may exist, but zero risk is not obtainable, and as such risk should be managed by determining the acceptable level of risk in each instance is called __________.


44. A failure to any component of a flame safeguard control for an automatically fired auxiliary boiler, will result in __________.


45. When an auxiliary boiler is on the line, the output of the flame scanner can be checked by placing a micro ammeter in series with the photoelectric cell circuit. The readings on high fire should be __________.


46. A feed pump for an auxiliary boiler might lose suction if the __________.


47. The proper location for journal bearing oil grooves is __________.


48. How are hydraulic valve lash adjusters on diesel engine rocker arm assemblies lubricated?


49. The amount of oil consumed by a return flow-type fuel atomization system, fitted with both supply and return meters, can be determined by the __________.


50. The water in a steaming auxiliary boiler should be tested daily for __________.


51. The programmed control system of an automatic auxiliary boiler will terminate the light off process during the pre-purge period if air flow is not sensed and __________.


52. Reduction gear lube oil temperatures for keel cooler installations are generally __________.


53. Microbiological growths in marine fuel are a common occurrence that can be __________.


54. The flame safeguard control system of a large automatic auxiliary boiler will provide fuel shut off in the case of high __________.


55. A characteristic of a bearing material which permits small dirt particles to become embedded in the bearing surface is __________.


56. The start of fuel oil injection into the cylinder of a four-stroke/cycle diesel engine occurs during the __________.


57. A large, low-speed, main propulsion diesel engine uses sea water to directly cool the __________.


58. The total starting air capacity required for reversible main engines is to be sufficient for a least __________.


59. Most fuel injection nozzles are opened by __________.


60. The boiler water alkalinity in a coil-type auxiliary boiler should be maintained at the pH recommended by the boiler manufacturer to __________.


61. Coast Guard Regulations (46 CFR) require the controls for automatically fired auxiliary boilers, must be fitted with visible indicators to signal __________.


62. When a waste heat boiler is installed in the exhaust of a main propulsion diesel engine, the exhaust gas bypass would be used __________.


63. How is the concentration of dissolved oxygen in the feed-water of an auxiliary boiler be maintained at acceptable limits?


64. Which component will receive the greatest load in a two-stroke/cycle diesel engine?


65. Injection pressure in a common rail fuel system is controlled by __________.


66. Maximum lube system operating pressure for a diesel engine is normally regulated by a/an __________.


67. Which of the following is necessary for all waste heat boiler installations, regardless of design or manufacturer?


68. A naturally aspirated diesel engine at full throttle will have an intake manifold pressure __________.


69. When replacing tubes in a water-tube auxiliary boiler and to eliminate the possibility of leaks at the tube seats, the replacement tubes should be __________.


70. In order for microbiological growths to thrive in a fuel tank it is necessary that there is a/an __________.


71. Which of the statements represents a characteristic of the thrust collar in a Kingsbury thrust bearing?


72. During the fuel injection period, fuel pressure must exceed cylinder gas pressure to __________.


73. The output pressure of a diesel engine lube oil pump is regulated by a/an __________.


74. The over-speeding of the diesel engine driving an electric generator could cause __________.


75. An increase in the air inlet manifold pressure of a diesel engine will result in a/an __________.


76. It is desirable for an auxiliary boiler safety valve to pop open and reseat firmly to __________.


77. Coast Guard Regulation (46 CFR) requires that after undergoing extensive repairs, an auxiliary boiler with a maximum allowable working pressure of 60 psig (411.89 kPa), should be hydrostatically tested at a pressure of __________.


78. The purpose of the programmed purge cycle on an automatically fired auxiliary boiler is to __________.


79. An auxiliary boiler equipped with a return flow fuel atomization system, has a __________.


80. The leveling plates in a Kingsbury thrust bearing are held in position by __________.


81. For a continuous operation diesel engine, a duplex filter unit would be the best arrangement because __________.


82. Which of the following devices controls the discharge flow rate of an attached, positive displacement, rotary gear, diesel engine, lube oil pump?


83. The expansion tank for a diesel engine closed cooling system is designed to maintain a constant head on the system and __________.


84. Why are heavy fuels not usually prone to the problems of microbiological infection?


85. Heavy soot accumulations in an auxiliary boiler could be caused by __________.


86. To minimize corrosion, fuel oil strainer disks, spacers and scraper blades are made of __________.


87. Prior to lighting off a cold automatically fired auxiliary boiler, you should __________.


88. Within the cycle of a forced circulation auxiliary water-tube boiler, part of the water flashes into steam, and the remaining hot water is __________.


89. Ignition failure in an automatically controlled auxiliary boiler could be caused by __________.


90. Pumps that are normally used for pumping fuel oil service are __________.


91. Boiler make-up feed water is brought into an operating closed feed system via the __________.


92. Potable hot water system is provided with re-circulating line in order to __________.


93. Pumps that are not used to empty engine room bilge is __________.


94. The centrifugal pump double volute casing functions to __________.


95. The spindle of the sea inlet and direct suction valves shall extend well above the __________.


96. All bilge suction piping up to the connection to the pumps shall be __________.


97. The harmful effect of unwanted species in ship’s ballast water was first reported to IMO in __________.


98. The first voluntary guidelines for preventing the introduction into the marine environment of unwanted aquatic organisms and pathogens from ship’s ballast waters and sediment discharges was adopted by the Marine Environment Protection Committee in __________.


99. The introduction of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens in ship’s ballast water to new environment has been identified as one of the __________.


100. The four greatest threats to the world’s oceans are __________.


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